Sustainable Living Through Sustainable Design

The purpose of sustainable design and green building is to achieve sustainable living.  To do this, we attempt to make best possible use of the assets at hand.  That could mean designing and building from scratch.  It could also mean taking an existing dwelling and nudging it in the direction of sustainability.  It’s an imperfect process and takes time.  It’s only natural that we look for shortcuts to living green.  Here’s one:

 sustainable living in green remodeled condo

Downsizing and Sustainable Living

Do what our clients did.  When the time is right, you sell the single family detached house and buy a condo.  They kissed their lovable, drafty old Victorian goodbye.  With the kids fledged, the careers on cruise control— they didn’t need it anymore.  So they bought a dowdy condo on the upper floors of Parkside Plaza in Silver Spring and transformed it into their own cool, colorful, light-filled living space.

What’s sustainable or green about living in a hi-rise, you say?  Read on.

A Lazy Man’s Way To Living Green

Depending on the year built, condominium buildings may be burdened by outdated or inefficient systems.  And yet, they start out with two big gold stars on the list of sustainable design features: Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Land Use

  1. Energy Efficiency. A free-standing house is exposed to the elements on all sides plus the roof.  The typical apartment shares three of its walls (plus floor and ceiling) with other units or common areas.  So, right there without lifting a finger you’ve just become 80% more energy efficient because only one wall has to face the elements.
  2. Sustainable Land Use. The other big painless step toward sustainability has to do with land conservation.  A single-family house occupies at least 5,000 or 6,000 square feet of land.  In a multi-family building like Parkside Plaza, 250 families occupy about four acres.  That’s an average of less than 700 square feet per family.

So, if you were a complete deadbeat and did nothing else to ease your footprint on our tender Earth, you’d be ahead of the game with this one simple move.  And why stop when you’ve started out so far ahead?

That brings us to our green remodeling story.  Our clients found a bleak, worn out wreck of a place and loved it into a work of lifestyle art.

Take a look at what they walked into:

condo before renovation

Where others may have flinched and fled, they saw potential.  Here’s the way they went with it:

sustainable living condo open office space

One Plus One Makes One Big One

When the Parkside Plaza building converted to condominiums around 1988, several pairs of one-bedroom apartments on the top floors were combined to create spacious luxury units.

Except….

The apartments had been stuck simply (and oddly) together, the possibilities of the combined spaces left unexplored. As a result, the space lacked definition or any unifying themes. Closets and storage spaces were haphazard.  Nothing related to anything else.

And…..

condo floor plan before renovation

 

The original single glazed windows and doors leaked, rattled and whistled in the wind.  The heating/cooling units were choked with crud and they leaked—ruining the floors.

And, finally…

The kitchen.  It was one of those kitchens made so long before we learned how to “do” kitchens that it doesn’t seem fair to criticize.  Boxed off from the main living area, it cried out to be set free of confining partition walls.  It is enough to say it was intolerable to our Empty Nesters.

Accentuate the Positive

Was there anything good about the place?  Yes!  It was luxuriously spacious.  Truly splendid, however, were the floor to ceiling sliding glass doors framing a wall of sky beyond twin over-sized balconies.  This!  This was worth the work.  And work there was.

Even with so much wrong, the renovation relied more on the scalpel than the wrecking ball.  As shown in the detail below, partitions and doorways were reshaped and finessed:

condo detail before renovation

The redesign would focus on defining functional spaces for work, hobbies, and overnight guests.  It would bring order and reason to bear upon unreasonably bad feng shui.

condo floor plan after green remodeling

 

Making Sense of Space: Interior Realignment

Transitions were clarified.  Storage was optimized.  What had been a dark and creepy passageway to the second bedroom was illuminated by interior windows and divided lite bedroom doors.

sustainalble design features natural lighting

The kitchen was fully integrated into the adjacent living areas.

green remodeled kitchen green remodeling kitchen 2

Repurposing Found Materials

sustainable design features conter top of reused materials

Materials were selected with sustainability in mind.  These included wood counters and shelves crafted from urban harvest walnut and cherry.

sustainably designed range hood uses recycled metal

A striking range hood fabricated from scrap yard stainless steel anchors the room.  It was a thrill to be able to work with these artists to incorporate reused and recycled materials in the project.

To ensure healthful indoor air quality, cabinets were made with zero formaldehyde materials and finished with no-VOC coatings.

green remodeling bath

In the baths:  The vanity cabinet (above) is capped with locally fabricated concrete.  The other bath (not shown) features a vanity made from an heirloom (re-used) cabinet, topped with soapstone from an abandoned quarry in Virginia.

One of the huge successes in this green living project is the use of color.  The owner, an artist in her own right, created the palette.  This is the master bedroom….

green living master bedroom

Even utility spaces are enlivened with bold color…

condo remodel storage optimized

Living Sustainably Is Living Well

Sustainable design elements included in this green remodeling project feature the usual cast of characters: LED lighting, Water Sense fixtures, Energy Star appliances, and energy saving doors and windows insulated with low-E, argon filled glass.  But the most sustainable aspect of this green living project is downsizing.  It proves that it is possible to do much more with much less than we think we may need.

For more on living well while living green, read our case study: Clean Green Kitchen Remodel

slab

Some residents of Slab City

Not everyone can afford to build a passive house, or do a green remodel of their home. But they may be living a more sustainable lifestyle–even if it is not their intent.
Here are two vivid examples. The first is a brief film by Time Video,  Off the Grid in Slab City–about an ad hoc community in the California desert.

teddy-cruz-geopolitical-borders

California Architect Teddy Cruz

Flood_in_the_slums

A flooded street in Tijuana

The second is a TED Talk by California architect Teddy Cruz. In that presentation, Cruz discusses the radical differences between the neighboring communities of Tijuana and San Diego. Although they are contiguous–and interdependent–they are divided by an international border that heightens their different cultures, economies, and regulatory systems. It raises the question of whether the far wealthier community of San Diego can remotely be sustainable–whereas the impoverished people of Tijuana are in some ways getting it right.